“Why Can’t We Read Anymore?”



The author of the essay “Why can’t we read anymore?” is a professional who deals with books. She wasn’t happy realizing she only read 4 books in her spare time last year.

The author found herself stealing moments from her daughter’s play and other experiences in her life – “Kodak Moments” – to check her phone.

She couldn’t concentrate enough to do recreational reading.  Once she got a few pages in she felt compelled to take a break and check her social media accounts.  She knew she had been conditioning herself to have a short attention span.    All social media at work, television after dinner and internet usagte after dinner was stopped cold. In time her concentration came back and her quantity of recreational reading soared. She also felt less frazzled and had more energy.

Nothing new, in fact I discovered all of this on my own years ago. When I stick to a rule of no web surfing before noon, the compulsion to surf the internet drops significantly. I surf less all day and I feel less frazzled from not having switched back and forth between things all day long. Reading fiction instead of nonfiction tends to help too.

I’m seriously thinking of going back to this rule for another round. My goal for this year is to read 12 books. I should have 4 done by now and I think I only have two.

Fatigue, Compulsion, Phones And The Internet

First, a warning. The cute companion video above only contains a fraction of the interesting points in this SHORT article.

The other day I got disgusted with some web sites that I often pop off to when I want to take a mental break. I vowed not to surf for the rest of the day. I almost made it. No surprise that I got more done, but I was shocked that by the end of the day I felt much less tired..

That incident reminded me of the article I linked to above, about how allowing yourself compulsive distractions comes at a cost. Hence this blog post.

You see, there is no such thing as “multitasking”. Computers can’t do it and neither can human brains. You can’t do more than one task at a time. You can only switch back and forth between multiple tasks, what the authors of the article call “rapid toggling”. There are always people claiming that they are the one person who can get away with “multitasking” or “rapid toggling”. Ironically, I have read in other articles on the subject that those people actually do the worst with rapid toggling. The quality and quantity of their work scored the least.  Switching back and forth between tasks comes at a cost. Rapid toggling or “multitasking” only makes sense when switching between lower order, repetitive tasks such as folding laundry while listening to music.

In one study, students temporarily interrupted during a test got scores 20% lower. Another group of students, who were told they were being watched were asked to work on their academic tasks for 15 continuous minutes. After only two minutes many students started succumbing to the temptations of their electronic devices. Only 65% of the time that they had set aside for studying actually went to studying. Frequent distractions also take a bite out of that 65% since “encoding”, the process of the brain transferring information to long term memory, gets sabotaged with interruptions.

It’s a big problem for both students and adults, Paul counters, for plenty of reasons. Assignments inevitably take longer when learners split their time between tasks, she says. All that task-switching wears out the brain and makes learners more tired and less competent. Most important, several studies have shown that information learned while partially distracted is often quickly forgotten, so the learning is tragically shallow.

This really puts an old job I had in perspective. The policy was that even if you could not address a person’s concerns immediately, you had to personally confirm receipt of their message so that they felt like they were heard. Emails and phone calls came at least once every 15 minutes. Quality of the technical work was a frequent topic of conversations, as well as people complaining about feeling “fried”.

If you want an impressive demonstration, sit down to do some work on a computer, especially in a web browser. Try to go for 15 – 30 minutes without popping off to a web site or checking an electronic device. You will probably be able to do it, but you will also notice the twitchy sensations of compulsion…several times.

So Paul is among a group of researchers who worry that the digital divide is not about the gadget haves and have nots, but rather about those who can resist the constant distracting tug of technology and those who cannot. She compares it to the famous marshmallow test, which shows that children who can delay eating one marshmallow for 10 or 15 minutes on the promise of gaining a second one are the most likely to succeed later in life. In a new “marshmallow” test, educators or employers might test to see how long people can resist “a blinking inbox or a buzzing phone.”

To me the nice thing is that ( in my opinion ) all learned habits can be unlearned. If you relax through those twitchy feelings and watch them pass you can get rewarded with having more energy and feeling calm when your work is finished.

Who doesn’t want more time to do things?  Who doesn’t want to feel more calm?  Who doesn’t want more energy.

It looks like the answer to getting at least some of those things has been around us all along.

Anger & Catharsis



“Between stimulus and response there is a space. In that space is our power to choose our response. In our response lies our growth and our freedom.”
–  Viktor E. Frankl

I read this interesting  Psychology Today article about some research pertaining to anger management.   The researchers had two interesting things to say about anger.

The first was that cathartic venting doesn’t help reduce anger in the long term.  Sometimes not even in the short term.   Though internet rants were primarily mentioned things like punching a pillow were also covered.  Venting tends to increase anger. Doing things like punching pillows increased the chances of going on to doing more destructive things.

The second interesting thing the researchers had to say was what worked better than venting for reducing anger.  Calmly describing why you are angry, in detail, in writing, and additionally explaining what would make you stop being angry was far more effective for reducing anger.  People who do that instead of cathartically venting, acting out, ranting, punching pillows, etc … reduced their anger a lot more in the short term, as well as making it less likely they would get as angry again in the future.

I found that article interesting because I grew up with a father with quite a childish temperament.   He could go from zero to ballistic at the drop of a dime.  Yelling at the top of his lungs, saying the most offensive things he could think of, and doing things like punching walls.  You know, basic two year old behaviour.

I was so disgusted by his temper I vowed as a teenager to simply not act like that.  I learned how to clamp down on my responses.  I think I was helped by my involvement with karate and having to do things like hold painful positions for a long time.   In those endless moments of shaking legs and sore muscles, I think I learned what I later discovered in the Victor Frankly quote above.

I exploded in anger a few times in college.   At one point I realized that acting out was a choice.  There was a very small moment when I could choose to flip out or clamp down.  I think I chose to flip out because not flipping out seemed alien to me and that I had the belief I would hurt myself if I suppressed my anger.

Time showed me the stupidity of that.   You can always revisit a conversation after you have calmed down and you can always apologize, but no matter what anyone says there are some things you just can’t take back.

Avoiding the damage from acting out is the most important part of anger management, but that isn’t the only important part.  The second most important part, in my non-expert opinion, is stopping the emotion itself to be kind to yourself.  Many people believe that anger clamped down on tends to turn inward and cause other emotional problems.   The technique in the article offers a potential cheap and easy tool to deal with that.